What is the Apple Core?
The apple core is the part of the fruit that remains after eating the flesh. The core consists of the central pith, as well as the seed cavity and vascular bundle.
In nature, apple cores serve as the main part of the tree’s seed dispersal mechanism, as they are easy for birds to ingest and pass in their feces, effectively ‘planting’ the seeds in different locations.
However, although they serve a functional purpose in nature, we tend to view the core as something that should be avoided in human households. But are there circumstances when it is okay for dogs to eat apple cores?
Should I Feed My Dog Apple Cores?
Dog owners often treat their dogs to leftover cores without thinking anything of it. But every apple core you give your dog hides a great risk of choking, so it’s best to avoid giving your dog apple cores altogether.
Choking is one of the leading causes of pet accidents, and any chunk of Apple that is large enough can cause your dog to choke.
While apple slices are healthy treats that can contain a significant amount of nutrients, the core contains the seeds and is tough and hard to break down. Seeds and other hard chunks can get stuck in your dog’s throat or mouth, causing obstructions that can cause your dog to choke or suffocate.
In addition, apple seeds include amygdalin, which turns into cyanide once broken down inside the dog’s body.
Almost always, dogs cannot chew the apple seeds to release this toxin. So, there is a minimal chance that your dog will digest and release this toxin, which is also in minimal quantity.
In the end, the biggest threat is obstructions, meaning that giving your dog the core could potentially be life-threatening.
Are Apple Cores Bad for Dogs?
Choking on an apple core poses the greatest risk to your dog.
Although apple cores aren’t harmful to dogs, they can be dangerous if swallowed whole. If they aren’t thoroughly chewed, they can cause bowel obstructions.
The most serious concern is the seeds in the core. Amygdalin is a compound found in apple seeds. The toxic hydrogen cyanide is formed when the compound comes into contact with a dog’s digestive enzymes. This chemical reaction is only possible if the seed shell is broken.
In other words, the apple pips must be fully chewed in order for cyanide production. The digestive system will not be affected by seeds that haven’t been chewed.
Cyanide can be toxic to all mammals, including dogs. High doses can cause death by blocking oxygen from reaching the tissues and organs of the body. Cyanide toxicity symptoms are serious and can often be detected quickly, usually within minutes. Signs include difficulty breathing, pacing, and seizures.
The good news is that not enough amygdalin is present in one core of an apple to cause a toxic amount of cyanide. Nearly all foods contain toxins in some way.
Your dog’s liver will eliminate toxins if they are below a certain threshold. Toxins can cause serious side effects if they are present above the threshold.
What to do if A Dog Ate Some Apple Core?
If your dog ate apple cores, there is usually no reason to panic unless your liver problems are present.
Do not panic if your dog ate apple cores, seeds included. He will likely be fine. To be safe, you will still need to follow these steps. If your dog has liver disease, the chance of getting toxicity from eating apple seeds is higher. It is best to consult your doctor immediately for advice.
Step 1: Evaluate your dog
You’ll first need to assess your furry friend for signs of distress. It is important to check for signs of bowel obstruction. You should be aware of any signs, such as labored breathing and shallow breathing. You should also be alert for vomiting.
Step 2: Cleanup and Remove All Remaining Core Pieces
Any remaining apple cores or seeds should be removed. While you deal with the situation, make sure your dog does not have more apple cores or seeds. You might consider putting your dog in their crate or in a secure room while handling the situation.
Step 3: Gather information
Find out how many were eaten. Your dog should be able to eat one apple core. Before you call your vet, it is important to know how much was consumed.
Step 4: Call your Veterinarian
You should contact your veterinarian. Be prepared to tell your veterinarian what your dog ate and how much. Any signs of distress in your dog will be communicated to your vet. If your dog is suffering from a mild condition, your vet might advise you to wait and watch. It may be necessary to take your dog to the vet.
Step 5: Watch Your Dog
Your vet may tell you to monitor your dog. You should also be looking out for signs of bowel obstruction. You may find some parts of the apple core in your pup’s stool. This is something you will need to watch for. You will be fine if your dog shows no signs of illness within the next 48 to 72 hours.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can an apple core kill a dog?
The seeds and core of an apple most likely won’t kill a dog. The real threat comes from the potential choking or bowel obstruction that can occur.
Is it safe for dogs to eat apple skins?
The skin of an apple is considered to be healthy for humans and dogs. The apple’s skin contains some antioxidants and is rich in vitamin C.
That said, they might not be safe for all dogs. Dogs from smaller breeds might be able to swallow the skins but could experience intestinal discomfort if they are too thick. They could also become a choking hazard.
Larger breed dogs might be able to digest the skins better. It is best to consult with your vet on whether or not it is safe for your dog to eat the skin.
Can dogs eat applesauce?
Yes, dogs can eat applesauce. In fact, applesauce could be a useful way to administer medication to your dog, and it is also a safe way to treat diarrhea and constipation.
What is the toxic dose amount for apple seeds?
The seeds inside an apple would have to be ingested in large numbers for there to be any toxicity.
A 33-pound dog will need to eat around 100 apple cores to experience any harmful effects.
Can a dog eat an entire apple?
As long as the core and seeds are removed, an entire apple would not cause any harm to a dog. It would be best to cut the apple into smaller pieces for safety reasons.
It is safe for dogs to eat apples. They are also healthy and contain a range of beneficial nutrients for canines. You will need to take precautions against the seeds and core, as they could lead to intestinal blockage if ingested.
If you realize that your dog has eaten such part of an apple, watch them closely for any signs of distress. If you notice any, immediately take them to the vet.