Unmasking the Truth: Coyfoxes – Fact or Fiction? Revealing the Reality Behind the Hybrid Sensation

The idea of a hybrid between a coyote and a red fox, known as a coyfox, has captured the imagination of many animal enthusiasts for years. However, scientific evidence has shown that these animals do not actually exist. Instead, what people often mistake for coyfoxes are likely coyotes with erythrism or leucism genes.

In this article, we aim to debunk the myth of coyfoxes and any misconceptions surrounding this supposed hybrid. We will explore the genetic and biological factors that make it unlikely for coyotes and red foxes to interbreed successfully.

Why can’t exist a hybrid between a coyote and a red fox?

Based on the pre-existing knowledge of crossbreeding possibilities and the characteristics of coyotes and red foxes, the existence of coyfoxes, which are believed to be hybrids between coyotes and red foxes, is highly unlikely.

While it is true that coyotes and red foxes share similar habitats and ranges, the two animals have different numbers of chromosomes, making it impossible for them to produce viable offspring. Crossbreeding between different species within the same genus, such as domestic dogs and wolves, is possible due to their shared chromosome count. However, red foxes have 36 chromosomes, while coyotes have 78 chromosomes, making the genetic differences too great for successful crossbreeding.

While the idea of a coyfox may seem intriguing, especially to those who live in areas frequented by both coyotes and red foxes, there is no scientific evidence to support their existence.

The concept of a coyfox may be rooted in the observation of animals with unusual coat colors or patterns, such as leucistic or erythrocytic coyotes. However, these animals are not hybrids, but rather variations of the same species.

As such, it is important to rely on scientific evidence and research rather than rumors or myths when considering the existence of a particular animal.

Key Takeaways

  • Coyfoxes do not actually exist as a hybrid between coyotes and red foxes due to their different number of chromosomes.
  • Animals that are mistaken for coyfoxes are most likely coyotes with genetic variations such as erythrism or leucism.
  • Coyotes are more adaptable and larger than red foxes, with a more pointed snout and larger ears, while red foxes are more solitary and prefer open habitats with a more rounded snout and smaller ears.
  • Red foxes cannot produce hybrids with other foxes but could theoretically crossbreed with kit foxes or swift foxes.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can red foxes interbreed with other fox species?

While it is possible for red foxes to crossbreed with kit foxes or swift foxes theoretically, they do not typically produce hybrids with other fox species. In fact, hybridization with other species is a rare occurrence among red foxes.

Are there any other animals that can crossbreed with coyotes?

Coyote hybrids are genetically diverse and can mate with domestic dogs, red wolves, and all subspecies of grey wolves; there is no proof of coyotes crossbreeding with any other animal.

What is the genetic basis for erythrism in Southeastern coyotes?

Erythrism in southeastern coyotes is caused by hybridization with red wolves, leading to the expression of red wolf traits such as reddish fur.

Is there any evidence of red foxes adapting to urban environments?

Red foxes have been shown to adapt to urban environments, exhibiting behavioral changes such as increased boldness, decreased fear of humans, and altered diets. However, further research is needed to understand the extent of their urban adaptation fully.

How do coyote vocalizations compare to those of red foxes?

Coyotes are a vocal species known for their unique and haunting howls. These sounds are reminiscent of wolves and can be identified by their long, rising, and falling pitch. You might also hear yips, yelps, and barks mixed in with their howls.

Foxes, on the other hand, have a different sound altogether. While they make some howling noises, they are often identified by their high-pitched whining or yelping. It’s a unique sound that sets them apart from the canine family.


In conclusion, the existence of coyfoxes is nothing more than a myth. While the idea of a hybrid between coyotes and red foxes may be intriguing, the scientific evidence simply does not support it.

Animals that are often mistaken for coyfoxes are most likely coyotes with erythrism or leucism genes. It is important to have a comprehensive understanding of the behavior and characteristics of coyotes and red foxes to identify and study these animals accurately.

By debunking the myth of coyfoxes, we can focus on the actual biology and behavior of these two fascinating species.

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