Fox Size: What’s the Size Of The Different Fox Species

The foxes are fascinating – their beautiful fur, cunning survival skills, and intelligence make them one of the most interesting creatures in the animal kingdom. But have you ever wondered how big they actually are?

Let’s explore foxes’ different sizes and physical characteristics, from the small and adorable fennec fox to the largest fox ever recorded.  Learning about their size and behavior only adds to their admiration for them.

Foxes come in all shapes and sizes, each with its own unique features that contribute to its ability to thrive in its environment. Discover just how big these fascinating creatures can get!


Foxes come in over 30 species with varying heights, lengths, and weights. The most common species is the red fox, and gray and arctic foxes are smaller than red foxes, while fennec foxes are the smallest of them all.

Despite their small size, fennec foxes have adapted to harsh desert climates with large ears that radiate heat away from their bodies.

The benefits of fox size range from food hunting to survival in different environments. For instance, larger-bodied red foxes can take down bigger prey like rabbits or birds, while smaller-bodied fennec foxes feed mostly on insects and rodents due to their tiny size.

Fox size also plays an important role in identifying footprints left behind by these animals. Recognizing different types of tracks can help identify which species is present in a particular area and aid in conservation efforts for those who may be endangered or threatened.

Let’s dive into the different species of these clever creatures and explore their varying sizes.

Red Fox


The red fox is the largest of all fox species; the average adult stands 14-20 inches tall, while it is 22-32 inches in head and body length, and its tail is 14-16 inches long. On average, red foxes weigh approximately 10-15 pounds, although the largest specimens may weigh up to 31 pounds. Males tend to be slightly larger and heavier than females. Moreover, they have a stride of 9.8-13.8 inches when walking at a normal speed.

Recorded in Great Britain was a staggering red fox weighing 38 lbs and measuring 7 inches in length. This amazing creature was spotted in early 2012 and is the largest of its kind ever seen.

They’re known for their beautiful fur coats that come in different color morphs, including white which is often mistaken for an Arctic fox. Red foxes prefer habitats with a mix of woodland and open areas like farmland or meadows. They’re also found in suburban areas near human settlements.

Red foxes have unique hunting behavior and vocalizations. They hunt mostly small prey like rodents, but they’re opportunists and will eat whatever food is available such as fruits or insects. When hunting, they use their keen sense of smell to locate prey, then pounce on it from above with precision.

Their vocalizations include barks, screams, howls, and whines used for communication purposes like warning other foxes or attracting mates during the breeding season. Despite being solitary animals by nature, red foxes have adapted well to living in close proximity to humans.

It is quite easy to distinguish red foxes from gray foxes. Red foxes are characterized by their longer snouts, lighter eyes, and bigger legs and feet.

Gray Fox


Gray foxes are smaller than red foxes but bigger than arctic foxes, with a unique physical characteristic that makes them easy to identify. This animal weighs between seven and thirteen pounds and can reach forty inches in length, with a tail of up to twelve inches. In terms of height, gray foxes measure up to sixteen inches at the shoulder. Males are usually slightly bigger than females.

Don’t overlook the distinguishing black stripe on the back and tail of gray foxes, which sets them apart from other fox species like red foxes. In addition to their black stripe, gray foxes have a relatively short muzzle compared to other canids and retractable claws that allow them to climb trees.

The gray fox is easily identifiable by its white ears, throat, chest, belly, and hind legs. Additionally, its face is highlighted by black around its eyes, nose, and lips.

This fox is found throughout North America in habitats ranging from forests and brushlands to suburban areas. They’re omnivorous animals, feeding on various small mammals like rodents, rabbits, and fruits and insects. Unlike red foxes, they have been known to climb trees for food or safety.

Gray fox behavior is characterized by their solitary nature except during mating season when they form monogamous pairs.

Arctic Fox


When they reach maturity, Arctic foxes are surprisingly lightweight – typically ranging from 6 to 10 pounds, their length measures 18 to 27 inches, with an extra 15 inches of fluffy tail. Shoulder height is between 9.8 and 12 inches, making them appear even smaller.

You might be surprised to learn just how small and adorable Arctic foxes can be, with their fluffy winter coats making them look even more cuddly. These little creatures have adapted incredibly well to their harsh arctic habitat, where they face extreme cold temperatures and long periods of darkness.

Their physical characteristics include a bushy tail, which helps keep them warm and serves as a balance when running across the snow-covered tundra. They also have small ears and short legs to minimize heat loss.

Like other fox species, arctic foxes are opportunistic hunters, preying on smaller animals such as lemmings, voles, hares, and seabirds. However, during the winter months, when food is scarce, they must rely on cunning hunting techniques to survive.

Marble Fox


Male Canadian Marble Foxes tend to be a bit bigger and heavier than their female. On average, males weigh between 7 and 21 pounds and can reach a height of 27 inches. Females, however, usually fall between 3 and 8 pounds in weight and have a maximum height of 20 inches.

Marble Foxes have a unique and beautiful coat coloration, with black or dark brown streaks on their white fur, making them stand out from other fox species. The Canadian Marble Fox is a breed of fox that is most commonly found in the northern parts of Canada.

As for their behavior, these foxes are quite solitary and avoid human contact whenever possible. If you’re lucky enough to spot one in the wild, approach them slowly, as they may feel threatened and attacked.

Marble foxes are not particularly menacing, but they are highly intelligent. Though they may be tamed, it is not wise to keep them as pets. No matter how much their owners may bond with them, they will always flee, given the chance. This breed is a combination of the arctic fox and the classic red fox, both of which are exotic animals and have a wild nature.

Overall, Marble Foxes are fascinating animals that continue to captivate people’s attention with their stunning looks and intriguing behavior patterns.

Fennec Fox


Moving on from the Marble Fox, let’s talk about another species of fox that is quite different in terms of size and habitat.

Fennec foxes are the tiniest of the fox. They measure between 14 and 16 inches long, with an extra 7 to 12 inches of tail. Generally, these cute critters weigh 2 to 3 pounds, with a height of around 8 inches.

These foxes are native to the desert regions of Africa and Arabia, where they have evolved to survive in extremely hot temperatures. Their small size allows them to dissipate heat quickly, while their large ears help them regulate their body temperature by radiating excess heat away from their bodies.

These creatures are omnivores, chowing down on mostly leaves, roots, and fruits, also rodents, eggs, insects, and small reptiles. Astonishingly, fennec foxes can endure a long time without drinking any water since their diet supplies them with the hydration they need.

In captivity, Fennec foxes can live up to 14 years, while wild populations tend to have shorter lifespans due to harsh environmental conditions.

Despite being popular as pets due to their cute appearance, it’s important for individuals considering bringing a Fennec fox into their home to understand their specific needs and behavior as a wild animal.

Fox Kits


As you learn about the development of these tiny creatures, you’ll gain a new appreciation for the resilience and adaptability of these young canids. Fox kit development is a fascinating process that involves rapid growth and change.

Raising fox kits requires patience and care; they’re born blind and helpless. Despite their initial fragility, they develop quickly. In just a few weeks, they go from being tiny, fur-covered blobs to active explorers who can walk and play on their own.

As they grow, fox kit behavior changes too. They become more curious about their surroundings and explore farther away from their den. Their diets also change. Initially reliant on milk from their mother, fox kits soon start to eat solid food like rodents and insects that she brings back for them.

Overall, watching the transformation of fox kits is truly remarkable. No wonder so many people find themselves fascinated by these intelligent little animals!

Fox Skull


The slender and elongated snout of the red fox skull and its large eye sockets and 42 teeth make it easily distinguishable from other canid skulls, such as dogs. You can easily recognize fox skulls from dog skulls. Dogs have a large dip or drop in their forehead, while foxes have a much smoother, straight forehead. It’s quite a noticeable difference!

Skull identification is crucial in determining what species may live in your area. The size and shape of a fox’s skull can also give us hints about its behavior and evolutionary history.

Interestingly, studies have shown that there are differences in brain size between different fox species. All in all, studying the intricacies of a fox’s skull can reveal fascinating insights into these cunning creatures’ lives.

Largest Fox


You’ll be shocked to learn that the largest member of the Canid family ever recorded was killed after attacking farm animals. Still, it’s important to remember that protecting livestock is crucial for farmers.

The fox weighed in at a whopping 38 pounds and measured over 4 feet long. This is not typical for red foxes, which weigh up to 31 pounds.

Despite this unusual size, foxes are generally smaller than other members of the canid family, like coyotes and wolves. They have slender bodies with bushy tails and pointed ears.

Foxes are found worldwide in various habitats, from deserts to forests to urban areas. Their diet consists mainly of small animals like rodents, birds, and rabbits.

While some people may see them as pests or nuisances, foxes play an important role in controlling these populations and maintaining ecological balance. It’s crucial that we continue to protect and conserve these fascinating creatures for future generations to enjoy.

Fox vs Coyote Size


If you ever come across a coyote, you’ll immediately notice they’re much larger than that cute little fox. Coyotes can reach over 4 feet long and weigh up to 50 pounds, making them almost double the size of an average fox.

Despite their similarities in appearance, there are some key differences between these two animals beyond just their size. Size comparison aside, coyotes and foxes have different habitat preferences as well. While both species can be found in various environments, such as forests and grasslands, coyotes tend to favor open areas like deserts or prairies, while foxes prefer more wooded areas.

Additionally, their hunting behaviors and ecological roles differ. While both species feed mostly on small rodents like mice and rabbits, coyotes have been known to hunt larger prey like deer or livestock, whereas foxes typically stick to the smaller game. Although they may look similar at first glance, many factors set these two species apart beyond just their size difference.

How Big is a Fox Footprint

Recognizing the unique footprint of a fox in your area can reveal which species is present and provide insight into their habitat preferences. If you’re trying to identify fox tracks, it’s important to know that the size of a fox’s footprint varies depending on the species.

An average red fox’s footprint is around 1.5 inches wide and 2.5 inches in height, with four slender toes and a dewclaw. Measuring and identifying fox prints can be an important aspect of animal tracking techniques.

It’s crucial to note that fennec foxes have much smaller footprints than other species like arctic or gray foxes. Red foxes have the biggest footprints compared to other types, making it easier for people to recognize their presence in an area based on their large-sized prints.

By keeping an eye out for these distinctive marks, you may be able to spot a curious critter scurrying through your backyard!


Overall, foxes are a diverse and fascinating species with varying sizes and physical characteristics. They have adapted to different environments worldwide, from the small and adorable fennec fox to the largest recorded red fox.

Their behavior, including their feeding habits and interactions with their environment, also makes them an interesting subject of study for nature enthusiasts. As we continue to learn more about these creatures, it’s important to remember the importance of conservation efforts.

Fox populations can be vulnerable to habitat loss and hunting, so it’s crucial that we work towards protecting these animals and their habitats for future generations to enjoy.

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