russian dog breeds

Russian Dog Breeds That Any Dog Lover Will Adore

Russia is known as the land of vibrant cities and snow-capped mountains. However, there is more to it than its beauty, such as the best-loved breeds of dogs across the globe.

Russian dog breeds are usually large, working-type dogs for hunting and guarding. But the country’s people claim that they have produced a bunch of lovable lapdogs too. Let’s find out if that is true and explore the best and most famous Russian dog breeds.

1. Samoyed

Samoyeds are big white fluffy dogs known for having a perpetual smile. Believe it or not, this smile is on its face due to its Russian upbringing. They were initially bred to work in extreme temperatures, which includes the sub-zero ones in Siberia.

You will also notice that the corners of their mouths are upturned, which prevents their drool from becoming icicles in the harsh cold. Typically, Samoyeds are intelligent, adaptable, as well as friendly.

Initially, Samoyeds used them to carry heavy loads and guard reindeer throughout the region of the Siberian tundra. They come in many colors, like cream, biscuit, and white, and have a double coat to keep them warm.

In addition, Samoyeds require ample exercise, attention, and playtime. Owners need to brush their fluffy little pups daily to ensure they look the best.

Life Span 12 to 14 years
Weight 35 to 65 pounds
Height 19 to 23 inches

2. Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky

The Siberian husky is a playful, active, and friendly Russian dog breed. These dogs have been personally bred by the Chukchi people residing in Northeastern Asia to help carry light loads at moderate speeds over long distances.

However, today they are known for their fluffy tails, outgoing personalities, and pointy ears. They also have a strong work ethic, ensuring they do not skip any opportunity to roll around or run in the snow.

The best thing about a Siberian husky is that it can make for a great family dog and socialize with everyone it meets.

Life Span 12 to 14 years
Weight 35 to 60 pounds
Height 20 to 23.5 inches

3. Borzoi


Borzoi is famous for being Russian royalty, known for its skills in hunting foxes, hares, and wolves. Nowadays, these dogs are famous for their noble personalities.

Borzois also use their heightened sense of sight for hunting purposes, which means they will chase anything that suddenly moves. They are perfect to become family dogs, given that you build an appropriate fence in the yard and allow them loads of exercise.

Life Span 9 to 14 years
Weight 75 to 105 pounds
Height 19 inches at most

4. Russian Black Terrier

Russian Black Terrier

Back in the 1930s, Russian black terriers were deployed to the borders of Russia, as well as the military installations and prisons in the country. Two decades later, retired officers started bringing their canine partners home, and their popularity rose with the newer generation.

These days, you will find a Russian black terrier guarding a suburban home rather than a political prison. Their protective and calm demeanor, along with their large size, makes them excellent companions for all.

Life Span 10 to 12 years
Weight 80 to 130 pounds
Height 26 to 30 inches

5. Caucasian Shepherd

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

The Caucasian shepherd belongs to the Caucasus Mountain range in Eastern Europe. These dogs are dangerous, fierce, and fearless towards strangers; they are kind and devoted to the humans and animals they love.

This Russian dog has two breeds: the Mountain and Steppe. The former is characterized by a heavy body mass and a long coat. However, the Steppe has a shorter and lighter coat and is found playing in numerous suburban lawns.

The Caucasian Shepherd is referred to by its many names, such as Kawkasky Owtscharkas, Caucasian Ovcharkas, Kaukasische Schaferhunds, and Caucasian sheepdogs.

Life Span 10 to 12 years
Weight 99 to 170 pounds
Height 23 to 30 inches

6. Russian Toy

These pups are perfect if you like cuddles. Their lively nature makes them excellent pets and wonderful lapdogs. A Russian toy is recognized as the smartest and most clever breed globally.

Like many other Russian dog breeds, this particular canine also has a tragic and complicated history. Its lineage started back in the 1700s when socialites imported English terriers to the country. By the time 1900s rolled around, the English breed had given birth to a new species, namely the Russian toy terrier.

Fortunately, these Russian dog breeds further evolved; today, two varieties of Russian dogs are popular. It includes long and smooth coats, both a sight for sore eyes.

Life Span 12 to 14 years
Weight Up to 6.5 pounds
Height 8 to 11 inches

7. Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

When translated into English, this dog’s name becomes a Russian-colored lapdog, which perfectly describes these pups. Friendly, loving, and playful, these canines are hypoallergenic. Their colorful personalities make them an excellent fit for loving families and children.

The lineage of this Russian dog breed goes back to the 18th century. However, these furry dogs nearly went extinct in the 20th century, only to regain their popularity in 1991.

Life Span 12 to 16 years
Weight 4.5 to 11 pounds
Height 9 to 10 inches

8. Russian Spaniel

The Russian spaniel is the fiercest gun dog breed of all Russian dog breeds. Initially, individuals used it to scare birds into flying in the air and retrieving them once they fell back to earth.

This canine is a descendant of the English springer and cocker spaniels. Like its English counterpart, the Russian spaniel enjoys performing jobs that include hunting.

On the other hand, you can easily train them to become social family pets and ensure that they get along with other pups in the neighborhood. Where its appearance is concerned, the Russian spaniel has floppy ears, wavy hair, and a black and white gorgeous body.

The claim to fame for these furry canines is their compact size, which has gained considerable popularity in Russia. They are kept as companion dogs across the globe, which means you can bring them home too.

Life Span 14 years on average
Weight 28 to 35 pounds
Height 15 to 17 inches

9. Central Asian Shepherd Dog

5000 years earlier, the lineage of the Central Asian shepherd dog started. Today, it is considered one of the oldest dogs on earth, whose breed was not created by anyone. Instead, it evolved by natural means and as time passed.

Initially, these canines were used to guard livestock and their owners’ families. It is why it is a fearless, independent, and quiet dog. You can bring this shepherd dog home if you are experienced with handling dogs.

In addition to its fearlessness, this furry four-legged companion will guard you with its large size. They protect their family and territory and do not take strangers lightly. But underneath that robust exterior is a quiet and calm shepherd dog that can liven up your home with activity.

Once you bring home a Central Asian shepherd dog, be prepared to do a lot of exercises.

Life Span 10 to 12 years
Weight 88 to 110 pounds
Height 25 to 28 inches

10. East European Shepherd

People often refer to the East European shepherd as the Russian version of a German shepherd. This is primarily because of the similarities that exist between the two canines.

The East European shepherd is one of those Russian dog breeds developed to assist the army. In the year 1930, the first ever canine of this kind was used by armed officers as a versatile companion that could survive in the freezing climate of the country.

Because of its roots and time in the army, the East European shepherd is quite brave, which makes it suitable to guard suburban homes just fine. They require ample mental and physical exercise, which means that your furry companion will keep you on your toes.

Life Span 10 to 12 years
Weight 75 to 105 pounds
Height 24 to 28 inches

11. East Siberian Laika

This canine is well-known for being one of the largest Russian dog breeds, as well as the strongest Laika breed. Not many people know this, but the East Siberian Laika is the species closest to wolves and was initially bred for hunting purposes. Today, these dogs are rare to come across.

For years, the Siberian Laika has proved its loyalty to the families that own it and the generations of children to come. They are also exceptionally social, but only around humans since they may be competitive with other dogs and animals.

Refrain from deceiving yourself by their warm and friendly nature. Siberian Laikas make impressive watchdogs and can ward off strangers with their territorial nature. Where grooming for these canines is concerned, their medium length and thick double coat do not require much brushing. Just be sure to wash and groom it once a week.

Life Span 12 to 15 years
Weight 40 to 50 pounds
Height 21 to 25 inches

12. Russian Harlequin Hound

The Russian Harlequin hound is well-loved in its country of origin since it makes for an excellent companion for all. It is a scent hound with an excellent prey drive and protective intuitions.

Before you bring this dog home, remember that it only enjoys socializing with bigger animals and human companions. They are also quite gentle around children, so your little ones can finally have the furry four-legged tail wag they have always wanted.

A Russian Harlequin hound is ideal if you live in a big suburban home. These canines require ample movement and mobility, so you must start an exercise regimen to keep up with the Russian Harlequin hound.

Life Span 10 to 12 years
Weight 40 to 70 pounds
Height 20 to 27 inches

13. South Russian Ovcharka

The South Russian Ovcharka is referred to by various names, such as the Ukrainian shepherd dog or the South Russian sheepdog. It belongs to the Ukrainian Steppes, located between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov.

The undemanding nature of this pooch has made it one of the most famous Russian dog breeds. The strong protective instincts of the South Russian Ovcharka will make you and your family feel safe like never before.

Life Span 9 to 11 years
Weight 100 to 110 pounds
Height 24 to 25 inches


There is no denying that Russian dog breeds are some of the best and furriest human companions you can find.

While some make them excellent guard dogs, others can survive in several climates. Most of them have been bred to be army or guard dogs, which means they can be quite helpful if you hope to add another layer of security to your house and person.

Russian dog breeds are desirable because they are lively, loving, hardy, and loyal down to a tee. So, what are you waiting for?

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply